Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh (UP) Assembly Elections 2017

The Election Commission of India has announced the polling dates for Uttar Pradesh. The state will go to elections in seven phases. The polling dates are February 11, February 15, February 19, February 23, February 27, March 4 and March 8, 2017. Counting of votes will take place on March 11, 2017. Incumbent Samajwadi Party (SP) government came to power in 2012 by securing a comfortable majority of 224 seats. The Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha consists of 403 assembly seats.

The Samajwadi Party and the Bahujan Samaj Party are the two main political contenders in Uttar Pradesh. Besides, national political parties BJP and Congress also have important stakes in this politically significant state. As the largest state in India in terms of population, Uttar Pradesh returns the largest number of seats to the Lok Sabha.

In the run-up to 2017 elections, chief minister Akhilesh Yadav faces the tough task of fending opposition both within and outside the ruling Samajwadi Party and convincing voters to give them another chance.

Trying her best to ensure that this doesn’t work, main opposition leader Mayawati and her Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) have started preparations for a fight to the finish. It is understood that Muslims and upper-caste Hindus have been accorded priority in the party’s candidate selections. This has aggrieved many OBC and Dalit members of the party who contend that they are being sidelined by the party which was founded on the agenda of Dalit upliftment.

Giving these two regional heavyweights a tough fight will be the national party BJP which is in power at the Centre. The 2017 Uttar Assembly elections will be an important litmus test for the BJP and its recent demonetisation move in the run-up to the 2019 Lok Sabha elections. The Congress is also hoping to revive its fortunes in the forthcoming Assembly elections. Opinion polls, though divided on the likely outcome of the polls, suggest that the BJP has a slight edge at the moment.

CM candidates and opinion poll outcomes

The chief ministerial candidate of Samajwadi Party is incumbent Uttar Pradesh chief minister Akhilesh Yadav and that of Bahujan Samaj Party is Mayawati. While the Congress has projected Sheila Dikshit as its CM candidate, the BJP is yet to declare its own. Opinion polls have been divided on the poll outcome so far. While some say that the BJP is going to win convincingly, some others say that the BSP has a strong chance of dethroning the ruling SP in the coming assembly elections.

Issues of the state

There are a number of issues facing the state of Uttar Pradesh today among which the law and order situation is most critical. However, matters of caste and religion tend to take away the spotlight from core issues in the run-up to every assembly election in this state. Uttar Pradesh has a very high incidence of poverty with more than 29.4 % of its population living below poverty line. The average household income is almost half of the national average. The quality of basic infrastructure such as education, power supply, roadways is deplorable and corruption is the prime reason for such sad state of affairs. This is also pushing the state further into poverty.

About Uttar Pradesh Elections

The Indian National Congress has dominated the state’s politics since independence. In the late nineties the rise of regional parties such as Samajwadi Party (SP) and Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) has challenged the traditional political base of the INC in the state. The BSP came to power in the state 2007 with an absolute majority. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is also a major party in the state. In the 2009 Lok Sabha elections the INC won 21 seats while the BSP won 20 and the SP won 23 seats. The BJP won 10 seats.

Some recent prominent politicians of the state are the former Chief Minister of the state, Shri Mulayam Singh Yadav of the SP , who has also served as the Defense Minister of the country and Shri Kanshi Ram , the founder of the Bahujan Samaj party. Shri Atal Behari Vajpayee, the 10th Prime Minister of India represented Lucknow, the capital of UP, in the Lok sabha Smt Sonia Gandhi, Shri Rahul Gandhi, , Dr Murali Manohar Joshi (BJP), Smt Menaka Gandhi are all Lok Sabha MPs from the state.

Uttar Pradesh Legislature

The state is one of the few in the country which has a bicameral legislature with two houses -the lower and the upper. The lower house is the Vidhan Sabha or the State Legislative Assembly and the Upper house is called the Vidhan Parishad or the Legislative council. The Vidhan Sabha had 431 members till 1967, but now the Vidhan Sabha consists of 403 directly elected members and one nominated member from the Anglo-Indian community. The Vidhan Parishad has 100 members.

Uttar Pradesh Political Parties

The main political parties in the state are
The Indian National Congress The Bharatiya Janata party The Bahujan Samaj Party
The Samajwadi Party The Communist party of India Rashtriya Lok Dal

Constituencies In Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh has 80 parliamentary constituencies out of which 17 are reserved for a candidate belonging to scheduled caste. Some of the parliamentary constituencies are Saharanpur, Kairana, Muzaffarnagar,Bijnor, Nagina, Moradabad, Rampur, Sambhal, Amroha, Meerut, Baghpat, Gautam Budh Nagar, Mathura, Agra, Fatehpur Sikri, Ferozabad, Mainpuri, Etah, Badaun, Aonla, Pilibhit, Shahjahanpur, Lucknow, Rai Bareli, Kannauj, Kanpur, Jhansi, and Allahabad. The state has 403 legislative assembly constituencies out of which 85 are reserved for a candidate belonging to scheduled caste. Some of the assembly constituencies are Behat, Nakur, Saharanpur, Deoband, Rampur Maniharan (SC), Gangoh, Kairana, Shamli, Budhana, Charthawal, Muzaffar Nagar, Khatauli, Najibabad, Nagina (SC), Dhampur, Nehtaur (SC), Bijnor, Thakurdwara, Gorakhpur Urban, Chauri-Chaura, Kushinagar, Asmoli, and Chandausi (SC).

State Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha)

The last Vidhan Sabha election was held in March 2012. The poll was held in seven phases. The total number of political parties- national, state and registered (unrecognized)- which participated in the Vidhan Sabha election was 222. The number of contestants in the fray was 6839. The number of electors was 127492836. The number of electors who voted was 75725793, which was 59.40% or the total number of electors.

The Bahujan samaj party won 80 seats, the BJP won 47 seats, the Nationalist Congress Party won 1 seat, the INC won 28, Rashtriya Lok Dal won 9 seats, and the Samajwadi Party won 224 seats. Samajwadi party formed the government with Shri Akhilesh Yadav as the Chief Minister.

The Speaker of the state legislative assembly is Shri Mata Prasad Pandey. The Leader of the Opposition is Shri Swami Prasad Maurya of the Bahujan Samaj Party.

State Legislative Council (Vidhan Parishad)

The Vidhan Parishad is a permanent house of 100 members. The members are elected or nominated for six years and one sixth of them retire every two years. Out of the 100 Legislative Council members, 10 are nominated by the Governor. The rest are elected by various electoral colleges in the state such as those of the Vidhan Sabha members, local bodies, teachers and graduates.

Some of the current Vidhan Parishad members are Shri Parmeshwar Lal (BSP), Shri Jitendra Yadav(BSP), Shri R S Kushwaha(BSP), Shri Akshay Pratap Singh (SP), and Shri Dinesh Pratap Singh (INC).

Facts About Uttar Pradesh's Polity

Parliamentary Constituencies80
Assembly Constituencies 403
Ruling PartySamajwadi Party
Opposition PartyBahujan Samaj Party
Chief MinisterAkhilesh Yadav
GovernorRam Naik
Chief Electoral OfficerT. Venkatesh
AddressChief Electoral Officer & Principal Secretary Election Department ,Uttar Pradesh, IV Floor, Vikas Bhawan, Janpath Market, Hazratgani, Lucknow - 226001

Uttar Pradesh Assembly Election 2017 Dates

Poll Event Phase-1 (73 Acs)Phase-2 (67 ACs)Phase-3 (69 Acs)Phase-4 (53 Acs)Phase-5 (52 ACs)Phase-6 (49 Acs)Phase-7 (40 ACs)
Date of Notification17.01.2017 (TUE)20.01.2017 (FRI)24.01.2017 (TUE)30.01.2017 (MON)02.02.2017 (THU)07.02.2017 (TUE)09.02.2017 (THU)
Last Date of Making Nomination24.01.2017 (TUE)27.01.2017 (FRI)31.01.2017 (TUE)06.02.2017 (MON)09.02.2017 (THU)14.02.2017 (TUE)16.02.2017 (THU)
Scrutiny of Nominations25.01.2017 (WED)30.01.2017 (MON)01.02.2017 (WED)07.02.2017 (TUE)10.02.2017 (FRI)16.02.2017 (THU)17.02.2017 (FRI)
Withdrawal of Candidature27.01.2017 (FRI)01.02.2017 (WED)03.02.2017 (FRI)09.02.2017 (THU)13.02.2017 (MON)18.02.2017 (SAT)20.02.2017 (MON)
Date of Poll11.02.2017 (SAT)15.02.2017 (WED)19.02.2017 (SUN)23.02.2017 (THU)27.02.2017 (MON)04.03.2017 (SAT)08.03.2017 (WED)
Date of Poll11.02.2017 (SAT)15.02.2017 (WED)19.02.2017 (SUN)23.02.2017 (THU)27.02.2017 (MON) 04.03.2017 (SAT)08.03.2017 (WED)
Date of Counting 11.03.2017 (SAT)
Date of Completion 15.03.2017 (WED)

List of Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh

S. No.Chief MinisterFromToParty Name
1Akhilesh YadavMar 15, 2012PresentSP
2MayawatiMay 13, 2007Mar 7, 2012BSP
3Mulayam Singh YadavAug 29, 2003May 13, 2007SP
4MayawatiMay 3, 2002Aug 29, 2003BSP
5President's ruleMar 8, 2002May 3, 2002 
6Rajnath SinghOct 28, 2000Mar 8, 2002BJP
7Ram Prakash GuptaNov 12, 1999Oct 28, 2000BJP
8Kalyan SinghSep 21, 1997Nov 12, 1999BJP
9MayawatiMar 21, 1997Sep 21, 1997BSP
10President's ruleOct 17, 1996Mar 21, 1997 
11President's ruleOct 18, 1995Oct 17, 1996 
12MayawatiJun 3, 1995Oct 18, 1995BSP
13Mulayam Singh YadavDec 4, 1993Jun 3, 1995SP
14President's ruleDec 6, 1992Dec 4, 1993 
15Kalyan SinghJun 24, 1991Dec 6, 1992BJP
16Mulayam Singh YadavDec 5, 1989Jun 24, 1991JD
17N. D. TiwariJun 25, 1988Dec 5, 1989INC
18Vir Bahadur SinghSep 24, 1985Jun 24, 1988INC
19N. D. TiwariMar 11, 1985Sep 24, 1985INC
20N. D. TiwariAug 3, 1984Mar 10, 1985INC
21Sripati MishraJul 19, 1982Aug 2, 1984INC
22V. P. SinghJun 9, 1980Jul 18, 1982INC
23President's ruleFeb 17, 1980Jun 9, 1980 
24Banarsi DasFeb 28, 1979Feb 17, 1980JP
25Ram Naresh YadavJun 23, 1977Feb 27, 1979JP
26President's ruleApr 30, 1977Jun 23, 1977 
27N. D. TiwariJan 21, 1976Apr 30, 1977INC
28President's ruleNov 30, 1975Jan 21, 1976 
29Hemwati Nandan BahugunaMar 5, 1974Nov 29, 1975INC
30Hemwati Nandan BahugunaNov 8, 1973Mar 4, 1974INC
31President's ruleJun 12, 1973Nov 8, 1973 
32Kamlapati TripathiApr 4, 1971Jun 12, 1973INC
33Tribhuvana Narayana SinghOct 18, 1970Apr 3, 1971INC
34President's ruleOct 1, 1970Oct 18, 1970 
35Charan SinghFeb 18, 1970Oct 1, 1970BKD
36Chandra Bhanu GuptaFeb 26, 1969Feb 17, 1970INC
37President's ruleFeb 25, 1968Feb 26, 1969 
38Charan SinghApr 3, 1967Feb 25, 1968BKD
39Chandra Bhanu GuptaMar 14, 1967Apr 2, 1967INC
40Sucheta Kriplani MendhwalOct 2, 1963Mar 13, 1967INC
41Chandra Bhanu GuptaMar 14, 1962Oct 1, 1963INC
42Chandra Bhanu GuptaDec 7, 1960Mar 14, 1962INC
43SampurnanandApr 10, 1957Dec 6, 1960INC
44SampurnanandDec 28, 1954Apr 9, 1957INC
45Govind Ballabh PantMay 20, 1952Dec 27, 1954INC
46Govind Ballabh PantJan 26, 1950May 20, 1952INC

List of Governors of Uttar Pradesh

S.No.Name of GovernorFromTo
1Ram NaikJul 14, 2014Present
2Aziz QureshiJun 17, 2014Jul 14, 2014
3Sri B. L. JoshiJul 28, 2009Jun 17, 2014
4Sri T.V.RajeshwarJul 8, 2004Jul 27, 2009
5Sri Sudarshan AgarwalJul 3, 2004Jul 7, 2004
6Sri Vishnukant ShastriNov 24, 2000Jul 2, 2004
7Sri Suraj BhanApr 20, 1998Nov 23, 2000
8Sri Mohammed Safi QuraishiMar 17, 1998Apr 19, 1998
9Sri Romesh BhandariSep 19, 1996Mar 16, 1998
10Sri Mohammed Safi QuraishiMay 3, 1996Sep 18, 1996
11Sri Motilal VohraMay 27, 1993May 2, 1995
12Sri B.Satyanaraya ReddyFeb 12, 1990May 26, 1993
13Sri Mohammed Usman ArifMar 31, 1985Feb 11, 1990
14Sri Chandeshwar Prasad Narain SinghFeb 28, 1980Mar 31, 1985
15Sri Ganpatrao Devji TapaseOct 2, 1977Feb 27, 1980
16Dr.Marri Channa ReddyOct 25, 1974Oct 1, 1977
17Sri Akbar Ali KhanNov 14, 1972Oct 24, 1974
18Sri Shashi Kanta Verma (Acting)Jul 1, 1972Nov 13, 1972
19Dr. Bezwada Gopala Reddi May 1, 1967Jun 30, 1972
20Sri Biswanath DasApr 16, 1962Apr 30, 1967
21Dr. Burugula Ramakrishna RaoJul 1, 1960Apr 15, 1962
22Sri Varahagiri Venkata GiriJun 10, 1957Jun 30, 1960
23Sri Kanaiyalal Maneklal MunshiJun 2, 1952Jun 9, 1957
24Sri Hormasji Peroshaw ModyJan 28, 1950Jun 1, 1952

List of Cabinet Ministers of Uttar Pradesh

MinistriesName of Minister
Chief MinisterShri Akhilesh Yadav
Food and Civil SuppliesShri Raghuraj Pratap Singh
Public Works Department, Irrigation, Co-operative, Flood Control, Land Development & Water Resources, Waste Land Development, Irrigation (Mechanical),Revenue, Disaster & Rehabilitation and Public Service ManagementShri Shivpal Singh Yadav
Medical & Health, Family Welfare, Women and Child WelfareShri Ahmad Hasan
Stamp and Court Fees, Registration, Civil DefenceShri Raja Mahendra Aridaman Singh
JailShri Balram Yadav
Social Welfare, SC & ST Welfare, Sainik WelfareShri Awadhesh Prasad
TourismShri Om Prakash Singh
Child Development and Nutrition, Basic EducationShri Ram Govind Chaudhary
TransportShri Durga Prasad Yadav
Homeguards, Prantiya Raksha DalShri Brahma Shankar Tripathi
Minor Irrigation, Animal HusbandryShri Raj Kishor Singh
Textile and Sericulture Industries Shri Shiv Kumar Beria
Horticulture and Food RrocessingShri Paras Nath Yadav
Backward Class Welfare, Handicapped WelfareShri Ambika Chaudhari
Khadi and Village IndustriesShri Narad Rai
Panchayati RajShri Kailash
Dairy Development Shri Rammurti Verma
Parliamentary Affairs, Muslim Waqf, Urban Development, Water Supplies, Urban Employment & Poverty Alleviation, overall Urban Development, Minority Welfare & HajMohd. Azam Khan
Political PensionShri Rajendra Choudhary
Science and TechnologyShri Manoj Kumar Pandey
Mining and MineralsShri Gayatri Prasad Prajapati
Technical EducationShri Shivakant Ojha
Fishries, Public EnterprisesShri Iqbal Mahmood
Secondary EducationShri Mahboob Ali
Labour, EmploymentShri Shahid Manzoor

List of Rajya Sabha Members of Uttar Pradesh

Name Party NameName Party Name
Shri Mohammed Adeeb IND & OTHShri Mukhtar Abbas NaqviBJP
Shri Naresh AgrawalSPShri Brajesh PathakBSP
Shri Munquad AliBSPSmt. Kusum RaiBJP
Shri Salim AnsariBSPShri Amar SinghSP
Smt. Jaya BachchanSPShri RajaramBSP
Prof. S.P.Singh BaghelBSPShri Rajpal Singh SainiBSP
Dr. Akhilesh Das GuptaBSPChaudhary Munabbar SaleemSP
Shri Jugul KishoreBSPShri Kapil SibalINC
Shri Avtar Singh KarimpuriBSPShri Arvind Kumar SinghSP
Shri Narendra Kumar KashyapBSPShri Mohan SinghSP
Shri Vinay KatiyarBSPShri Veer SinghBSP
Shri Brijlal KhabriBSPShri Amar SinghIND & OTH
Shri Rasheed MasoodINCShri Alok TiwariSP
Km. MayawatiBSPProf. Ram Gopal YadavSP
Shri Satish Chandra MisraBSPShri Darshan Singh YadavSP
Shri Kiranmay NandaSP 

Chief Electoral Officer Uttar Pradesh

Lok Sabha Election Summary 2014

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) made a victorious entry in Uttar Pradesh in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections. Out of the 80 parliamentary seats,71 seats are won by BJP,while Samjwadi Party (SP) managed to bag only five seats and only two seats are taken by Indian National Congress (INC). Being the fifth largest and the most populous state of the country, Uttar Pradesh (UP) contributes the major share in the total Lok Sabha seats. UP is always considered as the political hub in India, as it has given as many as eight Prime Ministers to the country. It has been an important political ground in the recent Lok Sabha elections. The 15th Lok Sabha elections in UP were held in 6 phases and decided the fate of prominent political leaders like Narendra Modi, Rahul Gandhi, Varun Gandhi, Mayawati and Mulayam Singh Yadav, from various political parties. Presently, the Samajwadi Party is ruling the government in with Akhilesh Yadav as its Chief Minister. The 2014 general elections in UP were held in six phases in UP which included high-profile Lok Sabha seats like Amethi, Varanasi, Rae Bareli, Pilibhit, Azamgarh etc. Amethi is the Congress- driven constituency since ages and the most awaited results were out declaring Rahul Gandhi as the winner from the seat. Finally the results for the Varanasi seat which witnessed the Modi versus Kejriwal battle, were also declared with Modi's historic victory in the state. Uttar Pradesh, the country's fifth largest state in area, is the most populous in the country. The state has the largest number of members in the Indian parliament and so the election results in UP often decides the fate of the government at the center. As many as five Prime Ministers of the country have been from the state. It is for this reason a very important state with respect to Indian politics.